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Trabzon, Ortahisar, Trabzon, Black Sea Region, 61050, Turkey (41.00586 39.71809)

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Name: Trabzon topographic map, elevation, relief.
Coordinates: 40.84586 39.55809 41.16586 39.87809
Minimum elevation: 0 m
Maximum elevation: 2,301 m
Average elevation: 428 m


Trabzon has a climate typical of the Black Sea region with plentiful precipitation. Under the Köppen climate classification, it has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa). Summers are warm and humid, and the average maximum temperature is around 26.7 °C (80 °F) in August. Winters are cool and damp, and the lowest average minimum temperature is around 5 °C (41 °F) in January. Trabzon's summers are warmer than oceanic classifications, but the narrow fluctuations in temperature render a significant influence from the sea. As with other major cities on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, Trabzon is situated right on the waterfront, thus allowing for the additional 1–2 °C (1.8–3.6 °F) enough to surpass the threshold to be classified as subtropical. In comparison, only 1 or 2 percent of the province is classified as subtropical, the mountainous areas near the shores being oceanic (Köppen: Cfb), the mountainous offshores being humid continental (Köppen: Dfb), subarctic (Köppen: Dfc) and tundra (Köppen: ET) in the peaks of the Pontic Alps. The elevation increases immediately starting from the coast and reaches its peak at the very south of the province, a typical characteristic of the Black Sea coast of Turkey. The Pontic Alps get a significant amount of snow during winters. The temperatures may drop below -30 °C (-22 °F). In some places, the snow can stay on the ground during summer months. Trabzon's weather station also sees tendencies of a Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa), but with only one month below 40 mm (1.6 in) rainfall in summer it just fails to qualify.

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